Genital warts are nothing but the eruptions on the skin near the genital. These warts are caused by the virus called human papilloma virus. These viruses are transmitted from one person to the other during the sexual intercourse. There are various kinds of human papilloma virus [more than hundred].
The virus that causes warts on the others parts of the body such as hands is totally different from the one that causes genital warts. These genital warts can be seen in genital areas as well as the anal area. In general these warts resemble cauliflower, the vegetable.
The virus can spread from person to person by simple contact. If the towel of the infected person is used by the other person, then there is every possibility that the second person gets the genital warts. In general these genital warts are harmless. But in some females these genital warts can become cervical cancer in due course. Hence it is advisable that the women who are indulging in frequent sexual encounters subject themselves to pap [papilloma] test at least once in a year.
Treatment options are plenty as far as genital warts are concerned. In some persons the genital warts disappear after some time without any treatment. But in some other persons these warts may present years together. In case the person wants to get out this problem quickly, there are few options available. The warts that are seen on the other parts of the body, except genital part can be treated with drugs that can be purchased over the counter. But in case of genital warts, it is better to consult the doctor before trying any medicine as the part concerned is very sensitive.
The moment anybody thing of treating the warts, liquid nitrogen will come to their mind. The liquid nitrogen usage is so popular. The liquid nitrogen treatment is termed as cryotherapy. Here the liquid nitrogen [chemical in liquid form] is applied over the warts.
The temperature of the liquid nitrogen is minus 180 degree Celsius. At that temperature, the warts are completely frozen and in the process the cells die and disappear. But this technique must be done under the supervision of the doctor in the case of genital warts.
In single application the warts don t disappear. One may need to repeat it few more times.
Besides liquid nitrogen, there are different types of chemicals are used to treat the genital warts. They are podophyllin, imiquimod cream, trichloroacetic acid and fluorouracil cream. Among this imiquimod and fluorouracil creams can be used at home.
The other popular treatment for general wart is the surgical removal of the same. This surgical procedure is termed as loop electrosurgical excision procedure. In this surgery, the surgeon will use device shaped like loop to cut and remove the wart from the genital area. In case the size of the wart is big, then the surgeon may go in for laser surgery [co-2].
Interferon injections are the treatment that is very commonly used in case all the above treatment options are not suitable for the patient. Interferon is the chemical substances that are produced by the body. These chemicals fight against the viral infections. Since these genital warts are caused by viruses, this interferon injected in large quantities help in treating the warts. The interferon injections are administered two times in a week for up to eight weeks for better results.